An unsecured loan is one where the promise of repayment is only guaranteed by the borrower`s credit worthiness. Thus, there is no asset backed guarantee, no pledge, no lien and no collateral involved in an unsecured loan. The terms of the loan and repayment are usually contingent upon the credit worthiness of the borrower and therefore mean that the borrower needs to have a high credit score in order to qualify for an unsecured loan.
Because the risk in an unsecured loan is higher as compared to a secured loan, the interest rate is also higher, in order to compensate for the risk of default. Some lenders require a “cosigner” as a surety for the loan. This means that if the borrower defaults on payment, the lender can ask the cosigner to make good on the payment of the loan. Sometimes, lenders may initiate legal action to recover their investment in the loan.
Non secured loans can be taken out for any reason; the borrowers can take them out to set up their own business, to buy a car, fund a vacation or to pay for education etc

Unsecured loans have a number of different types, namely:

  • Credit Cards: are a form of unsecured loan, every time you buy something through your credit card, you are basically taking out a loan from the bank which you will pay for later. Unless your credit score is low, banks will keep your credit card unsecured and will not require any sort of surety for repayment.
  • Student Loans: Student loans are usually unsecured. Student loans have features which are not present in any other loan and as the name suggests, student loans are specifically for students pursuing higher education. For more information on student loans, visit your local department of education office.
  • Personal line of credit: This is an unsecured loan facility offered by banks to account holders. Your bank may give you a personal line of credit depending on your credit history. For example, the bank may allow you up to $20,000 as your line of credit, you don`t necessarily need to use all of it. Suppose, you need to carry out major repairs in your house and you take out $4000 from your line of credit. You`ll only be required to pay interest on the amount you have taken out and once you have repaid it, your line of credit will be replenished.
  • Peer to Peer: Peer to peer or P2P loans are a relatively new form of credit. This form of credit is available online. P2P loans are arranged online and thus there is no involvement of banks. For this reason, P2P loans offer higher margins to lenders and less stringent terms and conditions to the borrowers.

Whether you are going to take out a secured or unsecured loan, it is always prudent to consider your ability to repay the loan which you intend to borrow. This will allow you to consider which type of loan will suit you best and how you`ll go on to repay it. Remember that the moment you enter into a debt agreement you lose some control over your life, in the sense that you`ll need to make the repayments your financial priority. So, as a rule always analyze your financial situation and ability to repay any debt before incurring it.

Loans secured by an asset are basically called secure loans. Secured loans require the borrower to pledge an asset such as home or vehicle as collateral in case of any default on part of the borrower. The collateral acts as a guarantee for the lender and is a way to secure the investment on the part of the lender. For this reason secured loans usually carry a lower rate of interest because the risk of default is lower.

Pledging the assets as collateral doesn`t necessarily mean that the borrowers will lose the title to their property in case of default. Usually what happens is that in case of a default, the borrowers get their asset back and they sell it and repay the debt on the loan. Thus, the collateral acts as a surety that the lender will get their investment back.

From a borrower`s perspective, secured loans are better than unsecured loans because firstly they carry a lower rate of interest, secondly the terms and conditions are decided by mutual consultation and the presence of pledge on assets allows the borrowers to get concessions on the time and method of repayment. Secured loans are also a good way for borrowers to improve their credit score because whenever a loan is taken out, the credentials of the borrower are sent to the relevant authorities who compile credit scores. Moreover when borrowers need to borrow large sums of money, there is no better and more viable option than a secured loan. Unsecured loans do not allow large sums of money to be borrowed.

Simply put it this way, while the collateral acts as guarantee for the lender, it also allows the borrower some leverage over the terms and conditions of the loan.

There are different types of secured loans, for example

  • House Mortgage: A house mortgage is an asset backed secured loan for a property, the collateral in question is the property itself. The borrower pays back the principal and interest until the loan is repaid and the title of the property passes from the lender to the borrower, who now becomes the owner of the property.
  • Auto loan: An auto loan or a car loan is another form of secured loan where the vehicle in question, acts as the collateral till the loan is repaid in full by the borrower. This type of loan is common with individuals and businesses.
  • Non-Recourse loan:This is a form of secured loan where in case of a default the lender can seize the property and sell it to recover the loaned amount. But, in case the pledged asset doesn`t recover the full extent of lenders loss and then under the terms of a non recourse loan, the borrower will not be liable to pay more to the lender.
  • Secured Credit Cards: This is yet another form of a secure loan. Banks will require the card holder to deposit a set amount against the card`s limit as guarantee. This is usually done when the card holder has a low credit score.

The Excess is an amount of contribution which is to be paid by an individual every time a loss event occurs and claim is made against the insurance policy. The Excess is also termed as 'Deductible'.

There are following interesting features associated with Excess;

1. The idea behind having an Excess is to reduce the administrative and financial cost of small claims against insurance and contribution of Excess during each event eventually makes the cost of insurance affordable. It also acts as an incentive for the owner to keep safety and security of their tangible assets.

2. Sometimes the Excess paid might be waived or reimbursed that depends on the fact, if you are not at fault for your loss but some other party or driver and their identity, witnesses, insurance policy are made available and other party accepts the fault and have the ability to pay the loss. Your Insurer might be able to recover the full amount of the loss including the amount of Excess from other party's insurance company or if there is no insurance then from such other party and would reimburse you the amount of Excess paid by you. This is not a compulsory feature or rule; however excess waiver may be taken under consideration by insurance company depending upon many other information and fact about the claimed event.

3. Waiver of Excess of your claim depends on the fair chance of recovery of the claim from other party at fault or from their insurance and does not merely qualify for waiver simply because of the fact that other party is at fault.

The Excess is applicable as a condition of the Policy and despite no fault of you, if the recovery of loss from other party becomes impossible, the reimbursement or waiver of Excess won't be accepted, but that doesn't mean that you are at fault or blamed for the loss.

4. Varying Excess - The policy generally come with standard Excess. However, it may be adjusted upward or downward either to reduce the premium quote or get more benefits with lower Excess on occurrence of a claim event with higher premium quote.

The Excess may vary within the same policy with riskier situations for example you have a standard Excess of $ 500 on your car policy and if the driver involved in accident is of less than 25 years of age, you may have to bear an additional Excess of $750 and hence your total Excess will be clubbed and you will have to bear $ 1,250. The other examples of additional Excesses could be due to driver being less than 2 years’ experience or holding an international driving licence.

The rented house insurance as compared to owner occupied may have generally higher Excess. The house and contents covers may also have a higher additional Excess for natural disasters perils.

5. Excess applies usually based on 'Event' covered in the policy. Generally one event one excess applies. For example, suppose your house is robbed and you want to make a claim for your stolen items, you will need to pay for the Excess. If there is another robbery event and you again want to make a claim, you will have to pay separate Excess on second claim. However, if there is a fire event on the house and you want to make a claim against damage to house and contents both and if you have insurance of house and contents from the same insurance company, it would attract only one Excess as the 'Event' is one.

It would be wise to carefully understand the amount of Excess in the policy and any additional Excess applicable under any specific situations, in order to avoid any surprise at the event of a claim.

This is very important for insureds to obtain details of the other party at fault would certainly assist the recovery of loss and that might help insurers to consider waiver of Excess if enough details of the party at fault has been provided.

The comprehensive car insurance cover is the most popular form of insurance coverage available in the New Zealand insurance market. This article states only general nature of Comprehensive Car Insurance Cover. Policies offered from different insurance companies may differ in extent of the cover, limits, exclusions, excess, etc.

We highly recommend checking the details of cover, limits, exclusions and method of claims settlements before organising the policy.

The important features of comprehensive car insurance:

Agreed value Policy

Some of the insurers offer Agreed Value sum insured policy. If you organise the Agreed Value policy then the insurance company agrees to pay the full agreed value amount at the time of total loss of car by crash, theft or fire or by any other perils covered in the policy in order to replace the car. When there are losses or damages to the car which can be economically repaired other than a total loss/write off, the insurance company choses to get the car repaired in order to bring it back in the position of pre accident situation. Policy excess applies to the settlement irrespective of total or partial loss claims. (For more information about excess, please see the section method of settlement below)

Market Value Policy

There are some insurers offer cover on market value basis, which means the market value of the car just prior to the accident will be assessed by an authorized independent valuer in the event leads to Total Loss of the car after an accident or damage.

Generally valuers consider the depreciation for the age of car, uses, and maintenance to arrive at the market value, The maximum cover of insurance will be limited to the PAV (Pre accident valuation) of the car.

Market Value up to Sum insured Policy

This is a kind of cover offered by some of the insurers in the market. This type of cover basically decides a maximum Sum Insured payable for the car in the event of a claim even if the market value goes more than the sum insured. In other words the PAV (Pre accident market value) might be equivalent to the sum insured mentioned in the policy or lower or higher.

However, the maximum claim payout will be limited to the sum insured accepted while organising the policy. If the policy is only for market value without any sum insured then PAV (Pre Accident Valuation) done by a professional valuer would be considered as settlement amount less excess if any, in the event of Total Loss. Generally insurers pay either PAV amount or sum insured whichever is lesser, in the event of the total loss. Other than total loss/write off, insurers prefer to get the car repaired after a damage or accident.

Special cover for Brand new car

Some insurance providers offer replacement of car with new car of the same make and model with, if the damaged car has run not more than 15000 KMs and it is less than 12 months old. Check the policy wording for such cover while organising the policy.

Other general features (may vary with different insurance providers)

Life time repair guarantee

If the car has been repaired due to accident covered in the policy, majority of the insurance companies provides life time guarantee for the repairs carried out, if the repairs were completed through their recommended repairers. However, it’s suggested to check the policy wordings for this cover.

Towing, storage and transport

If the car is damaged in the accident and can't be driven, the majority of insurance companies pay for the towing to the nearest place of safety store it there and journey completion to the insured and passengers. However, it’s suggested to check the policy wording for this cover, Limit, Excess etc.

Locks and Keys

The replacement cost of car keys or locks is payable if keys are lost or stolen. Check the policy wordings for this cover, limits and Excess.

Some of Comprehensive policies offer Optional Covers as below

1. Excess Free Glass Cover

If windscreen and window glass of car is broken due to the accident, no Excess will be deducted/ recovered.

2. Rental Car

The hiring cost of the rental car will be paid while the damaged car has gone for repair as non drivable.

3. Roadside assistance

24 hours roadside assistance is provided for your car at the time of breakdown, flat tires or batteries and in similar other situations.

Modes of claim settlement

If the car has been damaged in the accident covered by the policy and is repairable, then the insurance companies prefer to get the car repaired.

If the car has been damaged in accident beyond repair or stolen, the claim will be settled as total loss and to the maximum limit of the sum insured on the basis if cover selected while organising the policy.

If your car has accidentally damaged other person's car or property and you are legally liable for the event, your policy covers the costs up to the maximum limits of legal liability sum insured defined in the policy.

Insurance company may consider waiving the excess amount in case if the damage to your car was done by an identified third party and it was their fault in the motor accident. This is insured’s responsibility to provide the identification of the third party’s driver’s name, address, contact information and the third party’s vehicle registration number. Please check this feature in the policy wordings while organising the policy.


The comprehensive insurance cover for a car is the most desirable cover by the vehicle owners. Comprehensive cover gives you the full peace of mind for any unforeseen event to your car. The aforementioned features and benefits are general in nature, each Insurance Provider may have variations in coverage and hence, it is strongly suggested that one should look for complete coverage, terms, conditions, exclusions and limits of benefits, before deciding the policy cover.

Each Kiwi dreams for a major house with a landscape lawn yet the property market has turned out to be excessively testing as of late for everybody it is possible that you're a first home purchaser or a willing to buy an investment property, and so forth. New Zealand's housing supply lack has additionally increased the challenge for first-home purchasers looking forward to own their dream house.

In the difficult property atmosphere, home loans have turned out to be progressively significant nearly to guarantee you get the best financing help and most appropriate home advance to suit your requirements. Purchasing property – regardless of whether a unit or a house – is probably going to be one of the greatest money related duties you make throughout everyday life and it requests an incredible arranging.

Correspondingly, arranging a finance to buy a house is probably going to be one of the biggest obligations you focus on. In this way, it merits investing the energy forthright to get the correct choice! Here you can seek help from in order to make your next move to sort out finances.

You can get data about New Zealand home loans on this website. Aboundnet exposes you to the loads of information about arranging the next finance/mortgage in order to make the dream true to own your own house. It gives you opportunity to compare the deals, calculate your mortgage and repayments and also you can educate yourself by going through FAQs and related articles. You might have a different home loans agenda which is accessible now.

Home loans are offered by banks and moneylenders including Building societies, and some other organizations. You can approach them straightforwardly or utilizing a representative who will enable you to arrange, these representatives are often called as mortgage advisers or brokers. There is no big difference if you approach the bank/lender directly or through a broker. Both approaches have its merits and demerits. It depends on individual customer’s liking and method of approach.

You might be charged to apply by certain banks and forced different conditions on the credit, for example, pay security protection. The moneylender will have a lawful ideal to repossess your property in the event that you don't meet your home loan necessities and repayments.

There’re different types of home loans available in the New Zealand financial market.

Popular types of Home Loan

Fixed Home Loan

Floating Home Loan

Flexi Home Loan

  • Interest rates are fixed for an agreed term/duration.
  • Interest rate will not vary even if any fluctuations of the interest rates in the market
  • 20% deposited required
  • Interest rate can be fixed from 6 months up to 5 years period
  • Interest rate can be fixed from 6 months up to 5 years period
  • Interest rate will vary on the basis of the base rate fluctuations
  • Interest rate can go up or down according to the variation in base rate decided by Reserve Bank of New Zealand
  • 20% deposited required
  • Loan amount can be divided into two parts. A certain portion on fixed rate and rest of the amount on floating rate
  • 20% deposited required

Revolving Credit Loan

Welcome Home Loan

Split Mortgage

  • Home loan borrowing is linked to a transaction account, similar to an overdraft
  • Interest will be charged on the amount of funds you have drawn at any time, not on the total credit limit. Interest is calculated daily, any amount you keep in that account will cut down the interest charged.
  • Use all your income and savings to reduce your interest payments
  • No fixed repayments to meet – less stressful for people with irregular income
  • Access to funds up to your credit limit whenever you need them
  • Minimum 20% deposit required.
  • Low-deposit loan which doesn’t come under Reserve Bank of New Zealand LVR guideline.
  • It helps low income people with low a deposit, who wants to buy their first home. Loans are underwritten by Housing New Zealand.
  • Minimum 10% deposit required.
  • Borrower must be planning to live in the home
  • Borrower must not be owning any other property
  • Borrower annual must be lower than $85,000 or $130,000 if joint borrowing
  • The property price must be less than the house price caps for that region
  • Split the amount of loan into two or other type of loans
  • Reduces risk exposure to variable interest rates
  • Good for freelancers or business people who has volatile income
  • No penalty on extra repayments on variable rate portion.
  • Fixed interest Home Loan

Fixed interest Home Loan

This type of Home Loans has been the most popular in New Zealand home purchasers than other type of Home Loans. With a fixed home loan, your financing cost (interest rate) is set in advance, for the most part for a time of between a half year and five years. This implies, whether the interest rate in New Zealand go up or down during that time, your rate won't change. Fix term is typically fixed between any longer between 6 months up to 5 years for the total tenure of 25 to 30 years. Toward the finish of the fixed period you might probably secure your rates for another period, or your advantage may return to a floating rate, in view of the Official Cash Rate (OCR) set by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand.

While realizing precisely the amount you'll need to pay is extraordinary for planning, this conviction regularly includes some major disadvantages. Fixed home loans will in general be less flexible than floating interest rate credits, with hardened punishments for early partial or full payments. Please refer to terms and conditions with the respective bank or lender for fixed rate mortgage.

Floating or Variable Interest rate Home Loan

With a floating or variable rate contract, your advantage will be firmly attached to the rates set by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand so that the lender/Bank. On the off chance that interest rate rise, your instalments of the payments will go up. On the off chance that they fall, the instalments of the payments will go down. Over the whole term of the normal home loan credit, this may result in significant changes in the repayments sum you'll need to pay.

Plainly, a variable rate home loan opens you to higher hazard than a fixed interest rate loan, so before you apply you'll have to consider the effect it will have on your money related position if rates go up. Before consenting to offer you a home loan, banks will take a gander at your capacity to support a credit at a higher financing cost

Regardless of the higher hazard, having a variable rate options will give you extraordinary flexibility in repayments. Most moneylenders will enable you to make additional payments, including bigger single amount, so you can diminish your home loan balance all the more rapidly. A few home loans likewise enable you to redraw any additional instalment you have made whether you need the money at a later stage (please check and confirm with the lender for this option directly). On the off chance that you choose to sell your home or end up in the situation to reimburse your whole home loan early, you might almost certainly end your loan without any penalty, which is actually not conceivable with a fixed rate loan most of the occasions.

Split Home Loan

A split home loan, or mix credit, might be the better of the two universes. It enables you to part your home loan into various bits, with two different types of interest rates calculations. You could fix your rates on certain amount of the credit for certain term, or have some fixed and some variable rate or revolving credit and flexi.

For instance, you could part it half on a fixed rate for a long time and the other half on a variable rate over the full term.

With a split credit you get some assurance over your future expenses, so you won't be as intensely presented to rising financing costs as you would be with a completely floating rate loan. Then, you can in any case profit by any drop in interest rates, and exploit the capacity to make additional repayments on the variable segment.

Welcome Home Loan

The Welcome Home Loan is a one of a kind sort of low deposited loan which doesn't fall inside the Reserve Bank of New Zealand LVR limitations. This type of loan is highly restricted to certain criteria. Basically it’s designed for low income group of first home buyers who wants to buy a house to live in. It’s an effort to help New Zealanders to owning a house for their family prosperity.

Welcome Home loans are guaranteed by Housing New Zealand, and are an extraordinary activity to assist New Zealanders with lower salaries purchase a first home.

While most banks expect you to have a deposited of in any event 20% of the estimation of your home before they'll think about your home loan application, with a Welcome Home advance you need a deposit of simply 10%.

To be qualified for a Welcome Home Loan you need to meet explicit criteria, general criteria for such kind of loan is as follows. For any specific criteria, we suggest to contact the lender directly.

  • You must live in your house
  • Combined household income for the last 12 months should be $85,000 or less (before tax) in case a sole borrower. On the other hand, if you are a partner with one or more borrowers to buy a house, then the combined household income must be up to $130,000 (before tax)
  • Maximum amount that can be borrowed with a Welcome Home Loan depends on the region of buying. Each region has a house price cap which is the maximum loan for that region.


House price cap for older property:

House price cap for new property

Auckland, Queenstown lake district $600,000 $650,000
Hamilton, Tauranga, Western bay of plenty, Kapiti Coast, Porirua, Upper Hut, Hutt City, Wellington, Tasman District, Nelson, Waimakariri District, Christchurch, Selwyn District $500,000 $550,000
Rest of New Zealand $400,000 $500,000

Revolving credit loans

In contrast to a conventional home loan, your borrowings are connected to a transaction amount, much like an overdraft. Every month, your credit breaking point will be diminished by a fixed sum – yet except if you're working ideal at the utmost, you won't need to make customary, fixed-total repayments like you would with an ordinary home advance.

This can make a spinning credit advance an engaging choice for individuals with sporadic earnings.

You'll have a concurred credit limit (for example a sum up to which you can obtain) and you'll utilize your record as you would any regular record – paying in your income and attracting on it to pay your bills and living expenses. The interest may be charged on the measure of borrowings you have drawn whenever, not on the all-out credit limit. Interest is determined day by day, so every penny you can keep in the record will chop down the expense of your borrowings.

Flexi Home Loan

With a Home Flexi Loan you decrease your normal outgoings by just paying the enthusiasm on your loan amount to begin with. You can obtain up to your concurred farthest point and repay as regularly as you like. Interest is just charged on the sum you really use. There are no additional expenses for withdrawals and no charges for unused portion of the credit.

Interest rates are typically somewhat higher than those for a fixed term loans, anyway simple essential repayments can be set aside for some period. You can check with the lender directly for any other feature or terms of this type of loan.

It is in the every one's dream to own a house, mostly people have to arrange for mortgages from Banks, a very few have capacity to buy without it and in this process a large chunk of income goes in repayment of Bank mortgage. As it becomes a lifetime valuable family asset the safety and protection from any untoward event would be extremely important and it is possible through house insurance cover.

When you agree to buy a house, the mortgage Bank would not pay the settlement amount unless a COI (Certificate of Insurance) is made available on records with their name as Interested Party, this signifies the importance of having house insurance cover and it serves as collateral security too.

Risk Cover

The insurers usually offer risk cover due to sudden and accidental loss or damage to house, which generally include perils of fire, flood, storm, earthquake, subsidence, bursting of pipes, falling trees, theft and similar other perils not limited to this note.

The aforementioned perils are only indicative and not exhaustive. It is important to make sure about the details of the covers and perils offered, before concluding the cover.

Optional or Additional Covers may vary among policies offered by different insurance providers.

Example of options or Additional covers may available as follows:

1. Any new building work which might be undertaken during the policy period.

2. Keys and locks replacement.

3. Retaining walls

4. Hidden gradual damage.

5. Alternative accommodation for owner

6. Loss of rent

The above noted covers may be offered with certain limitations. You should always check the limit or the cover along with exclusions terms if any in the policy.


It is important to understand the terms of the cover and applied exclusions in the policy, which specify that the losses are not payable in certain situations. Exclusions generally mentioned separately at the end of the policy wordings. Checking policy exclusions are equally important as checking the cover details while organising the policy.

Claim Settlement

The losses are usually settled for repair, rebuild or reinstatement or Indemnity value of house and maximum to the limit of sum insured of the house selected at the beginning of insurance cover. Insurance companies generally reserve their right to offer the best settlement method in the event of a claim. You should always check the section of the policy as how to settle the claim.

Legal Liability

Majority of the house insurance policies offers cover for specific sum insured in respect of owner's legal liability for loss of physical property of other's due to ownership of the house in New Zealand.

Adequacy of Sum Insured

It is utmost important to be careful while deciding the adequate value of sum insured and correct size of the house building at the time of taking out the policy, which should be equivalent to present day reinstatement value including the cost of demolition and removal of debris.

It should be noted that any amount of lower value of sum insured as compared to reinstatement value, would be subject to " Under Insurance" and such lower sum insured will not allow to recover the full reinstatement value in case of a total loss scenario and the owner might be left with unsettled mortgage balances even after settlement of claim or would find it difficult to reinstate the house in absence of adequate claim proceeds.

The adequacy of sum insured has to be reviewed and maintained at each policy renewal also and should include any additions carried out and inflation.


In order to protect the valuable asset of house from unforeseen accidental loss or damage and to have protection for legal liability, the house insurance policy is a highly important instrument.

In case of any doubt it’s advisable to contact a licenced financial advisor to clarify doubts before organising a house insurance policy.

A personal loan is an advance/credit you get, which you just pay back over a set period of time periodically, i.e. you borrow $10,000 and pay it back each month, fortnight or week over a set period of tenure. The moneylender charges you interest on the $10,000.

The money lender may also charge you one time fee or processing fee other than interest on the total borrowed amount. This type of loan is popular because easy to get and flexible repayment options. Acceptance or denial of the application and the terms and conditions may vary on the basis of borrower’s repayment capacity and credit ratings. We suggest checking the terms of getting the loan directly with the lender.

Reason to get a personal loan may vary from person to person. Many people from different financial backgrounds apply for personal loan in order to meet their commitments and obligations. A reason could be attending the single time costs such as weddings or funerals, as well as critical cash needs such as car repairs, restorative bills or children costs, etc. But there are thousands of other reasons people get personal loans.

To get a personal loan you have to meet some specific criteria. You're free to spend the cash on what you need to such as domestic redesign, holidays, critical life needs or any other reasons you have.

There’re two types of personal loans available in the market, Secured Loan and Unsecured loan

Secured loan is a type of loan where lender keeps some collateral from borrower to secure the loan. The collateral is sometimes called security or pledge too.

Unsecured loan is a type of loan offered by a lender where no collateral or security to be asked from borrower to pledge.

We often see but not always that Secured loans are offered cheaper interest rates where Unsecured loans are offered on high interest rates because unsecured loans are more riskier.

Loan amount varies In New Zealand Personal loan market; most of lenders offer personal loan amounts from minimum $2000 upto Maximum $70,000. However, this is not standard; the amount may vary with different lender and also on the basis of your repayment capacity. We suggest checking directly with a lender. Lender may ask your income and expenditure details in order to understand your repayment capacity and how much maximum they can offer the loan.

Tenure of the loan and repayment normally set between 2 years and 5 years. Some of lender allows you to repay the full or partial amount before the set tenure or make additional payments on each or some of the instalments. You may have to pay a fee on pre-mature repayment or additional repayment.

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